Native American Enumerations
For years, the Native people were not considered citizens, thus were not counted in the U.S. census, and treaties set in the 1800s had moved them off their land to less desirable areas. Some of these treaties allowed for individual Native people to receive an allotment of land. The roll number identified Indian names, English name, age, sex, and date of birth–and determined who received this allotment. Not all tribes have or use roll numbers, but the Karuk tribe did.